Conditions involving bladder pain typically affect women more than men and are caused by chronic inflammation or infection, often presenting alongside symptoms like incontinence.

Conditions include Painful Bladder Syndrome (PBS) and chronic pelvic pain syndrome and can be very incapacitating. The first thing to do is to ascertain the underlying problems within the bladder. You might be required to carry out a flow test, a bladder scan, a bladder pressure test (urodynamics) or bladder examination (cystoscopy).