Testicular cancer affects younger men. It is the most common type of cancer to affect men between the ages of 15 and 49.
The most common symptom of testicular cancer is a painless lump or swelling in the testicles. Other symptoms can include:
- an ache in the scrotum (the sac of skin that hangs underneath the penis and contains the testicles)
- a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
- men should check their testicles periodically for any unusual lumps.
Ultrasound Scan Scrotum
This is a non-invasive scan to image the inside of your testicle. This is one of the key investigations to determine whether a lump is cancerous (malignant) or non-cancerous (benign).
For most cases of high suspicion, the only way to safely take a biopsy is to remove the affected testicle completely (Inguinal orchidectomy), since the risk of the cancer spreading is too high for a conventional biopsy to be taken.
This route is recommend only if there is relatively certainty regarding the lump being cancerous. Losing a testicle should not affect your sex life or ability to have children.
Any further treatment, including chemotherapy and radiotherapy, will depend on histopathology report and further staging investigations including a CT scan and tumour markers (blood tests).